If you are off work sick for seven days or less, your employer should not ask you for a doctor's certificate.
You will need a medical certificate if you are off work sick for more than seven days.
The seven days include days that you don’t normally work. So when you work out how long you’ve been off sick, you should include weekends and bank holidays.
Sickness of seven days or less
Your employer can ask you to confirm that you’ve been ill. You can do this by filling in a form yourself when you return to work. This is called self-certification.
Self-certification forms usually include details such as:
- information about your sickness or illness,
- the date your sickness started, and
- the date your sickness ended.
These dates may be days that you don’t normally work. For example, your sickness could start or end on a Saturday, Sunday or bank holiday.
Many employers have their own self-certification forms. If your employer doesn’t have their own form, instead they may use an SC2 form from HM Revenue & Customs – Employee’s Statement of Sickness
Click here to download the SC2 form
Sickness of more than seven days
If you are sick and off work for more than seven days, your employer will normally ask you to provide a medical certificate from your GP.
When you need a certificate will also depend on your employer’s company policy on sick leave (or sickness absence). This policy should tell you how many days you can be off sick before you need a note.
To find out about your employer’s policy:
- ask your team leader or supervisor, or
- speak to someone from your human resources (HR) or personnel department.
Sick notes and how to get one
If you are under the care of a hospital, your certificate should be issued by the hospital, rather than by your GP. Contact the hospital department and ask them to send you the fit note by post.
A medical certificate note must be signed by a doctor. The Fit Notes mean your GP can give you advice to help you return to work. This is because work can play an important part in helping people to recover from illness on injury. The GP can either say you are not fit for work, or can say you may be fit for work. The GP will choose the option for may be fit to work if they think that returning to work – with support from your employer – will help you.
There is also space for the GP to give advice to your employer about the impact of your illness or injury and can suggest common ways in which your employer can help you return to work such as allowing you to work part time or temporarily or by changing your duties, for example, if you have back pain, avoiding heavy lifting.
Fit notes are also sometimes called doctor’s notes, sick notes, medical certificates or doctor’s statements.
If you have seen a doctor at the practice regarding the problem you need a medical certificate for (or we have received a letter from the hospital about your sickness) you many not need to see the doctor again. The doctor may speak to you on the telephone depending on how well they know you and why you are off work sick.
If you have not seen a doctor at the practice and we have had no information from a medical professional about your illness, you will not be able to get a certificate without an appointment. Please book a routine appointment; urgent appointments are only provided for genuine medical emergencies and not for the purpose of certificates.
In either case there are rules governing the issue of Fit Notes and the GP may not be able to supply one, depending on the information you provide.
Charges for fit notes
There is usually no charge for providing a fit note if you are off sick for more than seven days.
Some employers may request a fit note (e.g. from employees who repeatedly take time off sick) even if they are off work for seven days or less. This is a private non-NHS medical certificate.
For sickness of seven days or less, a charge of £24 is payable in order for us to provide a certificate.
When your fit note runs out
If your certificate runs out, but you are still sick, you will need to consult the doctor again before you can get a further certificate. This may be a telephone consultation where appropriate.
Fit notes can be back-dated after the initial consultation so it is not necessary to make an emergency appointment to renew your certificate. If you attend an emergency appointment for the purpose of getting a medical certificate you may be asked to rebook.
Returning to Work
You can return to work at any time before your sick note runs out. There is no need to contact your GP if you feel you are able to start working again.
If your employer insists that you have confirmation from a GP that you are fit to resume work, the employer should request a GP report, with your consent, and as it is a non-NHS service the employer should expect to pay a fee of at least £65 (and may be higher, depending on the complexity of information requested) in order to receive a report